This page is not intended otherwise than to guide the single mother, to prevent future unplanned pregnancies. We ask sincere apologies to those whose issues of morality or religion, do not coincide with the approach of this crude topic.
Sincerely, Brenda Ysaguirre
On the list of parents fears the first is surely that any of their children will one day communicate to them that they will become grandparents sooner than they thought (and wanted).
Even with this level of concern that the problem of unwanted pregnancies among young people awakes in society, the majority of Latin American countries have been unable to come up with an appropriate strategy for prevention.
The fact that adolescents acquire maturity about four or five years before reaching their emotional maturity makes education a key factor in closing that gap.
The problem is that the debate usually ends with the indecision as to what is the right kind of education.
While sectors competing for a more conservative approach of abstention, the most liberal advocate the promotion of contraception. While scientific data are inconclusive: a sexually active teenager who does not use contraceptives has a 90% chance of becoming pregnant within a year.
Although there are no medical grounds to affirm that this represents a health risk for the mother or the child, there is a broad consensus that early parenthood has a serious effect on the development of the family.
Not counting that oftentimes it serves as a label of poverty, which reduces the possibility of young parents to obtain adequate schooling and limit their employment opportunities in the future.
And what do you think? What is the right strategy? Who should bear the primary responsibility of addressing this problem? What is your own personal experience as a parent or child?
Friend ... You are already a single mother, you should now become a "SUPERMAMA".
But ... you must pay a lot of attention now. You cannot give yourself the luxury of HAVING IT HAPPEN AGAIN, not before having found the right way to management, education and all that it stands for, being responsible for a human life. YOUR CHILD.
Therefore now I will give you some TIPS on taking care for when you have further sexual intercourse. Since it is better late than never. ... right?
NATURAL METHODS TO PREVENT PREGNANCIES or to have a "more or less" safe
1. Method of Rhythm or Timing
2. Billings Method or Cervical Mucus Method
3. Temperature Method
These are methods that do not use any artificial substance or instrument, and are based on periodic abstinence. That is, not to have intercourse on days when the woman is fertile. These methods require the cooperation of both men and women.
Among these methods are:
1. Method of rhythm or timing
This method consists of avoiding sexual intercourse during the days a woman is fertile. If the couple has sex during these (fertile) days the woman can get pregnant.
Therefore it is important that we know:
That normally your regulation cycle (menstrual cycle) lasts from 28 to 30 days. The first day of your menstruation (your period) is the first day of the cycle. The day the egg leaves the ovary (ovulation) occurs 14 days after the first day of menstruation.
.The fertile days are 6 days before and 6 days after the day of ovulation.
This method is not recommended for women with irregular cycles.
Example: If a woman begins her menstruation on January 8, then January 21 is the day of ovulation, thus she may not have intercourse from 16 to 27 January.
2. Billings Method or Cervical Mucus
This method also requires that the woman avoids having sexual relations on the days she is fertile. The question we have now is how can we know which days are fruitful and which day is not?. You need to know the following: After menstruation, women have few days that they can feel a sense of dryness or no moisture in the vagina. After several days, there is a feeling of moisture in the vagina produced by mucus that looks like egg white, pretty much like at the beginning of a woman’s period. During those days when women feel wetness in their vagina they are likely to become pregnant.
To enable women to recognize that kind of mucus they have, pass a piece of toilet paper on the vulva (outside of the genitals of women) then from it you can verify by picking up the mucus between finger and thumb (as shown in the figure) if the mucus is elastic (remains united) or not. If the mucus is remains or becomes elastic and stretches about 7 cm this indicates that ovulation is occurring and are days a woman is likely to get pregnant.
After several days, the moisture disappears and the feeling of dryness in the vagina returns. During dry days sexual activity is not likely to get a woman pregnant.
This method may be used by women, after having observed two or three periods these wet days. If a woman does not feel wet on those days, she should use another method of contraception.
3. Method of Temperature
This method is also based on avoiding having sex in the days a woman can get pregnant. Another way to find out is based on the observation of the temperature of the woman which rises slightly on days when they could become pregnant.
To do so, the woman should be able to read, write and count and have a thermometer to take oral temperature every day before getting out of bed for several months, and keep a record of it on paper or in a notebook. The woman will notice that there is a slight increase in temperature for a few days (in the absence of other circumstances or illnesses). This indicates that those days a woman might become pregnant. We advise having sexual intercourse when the temperature is kept constant. See the chart.
As you can see, this method is more complicated than the previous ones. This is why it is very important for women who want to use this method to be well prepared and have the support of the husband.
SOME CAUSES OF FAILURE IN NATURAL METHODS:
1. A woman can have irregular cycles. For example if their menstrual periods vary between 28 and 35 days, no month is the menstrual cycle the same.
2. There is no cooperation between the couple. For example, the husband takes liquor constantly and does not respect your partner.
3. Women who can neither read nor write
1. The Pill
This contraceptive is pills containing hormones and are taken orally. Its effect on women is not letting the egg mature in the ovary and exit it. Therefore, by taking it no fertilization can occur, and there can be no pregnancy. It comes in packets of 28 pills and 1 is taken each day.
HOW TO TAKE THE PILl?
The packet of birth control pills (LO-FEMENAL) contains two types of pills: the white pills are hormones and the brown pills are vitamins.
We must advise the user of the correct way to use the pills to avoid unwanted pregnancies or other problems in women. The pill can be taken at the beginning between the FIRST DAY TO THE FIFTH DAY of having begun menstruation (whether or not menstruation continues), starting with the white pills and continuing the following days as indicated by the arrow, to finish the brown pills, at the end of the packet.
When you are finished taking a packet you should continue the next day with another packet, always starting with the white pills.
It is recommended to take the pill every day, preferably at night before bed. If a woman forgets to take her birth control pills one night, the next day you should take 2 pills, and the next few days should continue normally, taking one every night.
If a woman forget to take the pill two or more nights in succession, she should take two pills and throw away the remainder of the packet and go to the nearest Health Centre to receive counselling and, if possible, use a barrier method (condom and / or vaginal tablets) or abstain from having sex until menstruation begins once more.
Once it begins wait until the 5th DAY to begin again the correct use of the method.
WHAT DISCOMFORTS MAY RESULT FROM THE USE OF THE PILL?
Some women may present discomfort during the first three months of taking the pill similar to those of the first few months of pregnancy.
The most common are:
- Light headache.
- Small discomfort in the breasts (breasts).
- Rarely bleeding in days away from the rule.
- Sometimes light-weight gain.
- Slight loss of vision or blurred vision (is rare).
These annoyances are usually temporary and go away after three months.
Should the discomfort continue and still cause a lot of uneasiness or illness it is recommended that the method be changed or the woman should go to the health centre.
WHO SHOULD NOT TAKE THE PILL?
Not all women can use this method, because the hormones can cause problems. If a woman has certain diseases or sicknesses she should not use this method for any reason as it could endanger her more.
REMEMBER THE WOMEN WITH FOLLOWING SICKNESSES SHOULD NOT TAKE THE PILL:
- Women with suspected pregnancies or KNOWN pregnancies.
- Women who are nursing for the first 6 months.
- Women who suffer from one or more of the following diseases:
• Background of stroke (stroke)
• Diabetes (blood sugar)
• Heart Disease
• High Pressure: PA More than 140/90 mm Hg
• TB treatment
• tumors in the breasts
• Varicose veins pronounced (in the legs)
• Obese Women
• Women who smoke a lot.
The use of the pill can also cause problems in the women who are drinking, and in this case, must stop drinking. Among these problems are the appearances of varicose veins in the legs, clots in the lungs, high blood pressure, benign tumors of the liver, and perhaps breast cancer and cancer of the uterus.
For all these reasons before taking the pill preferably women should be examined by a doctor to see if she has any such dangerous diseases, and then must be reviewed every 6 months to see if the pill is not presenting any problems. So the pill should be administered only by properly trained health personnel
2. The Quarterly Injection
The injectable contrceptives are substances (hormones) to be administered on women to simulate a pregnancy and thus prevent the departure of egg and the possibility that fertilization occurs.
Injectable Contraceptives should be administered intramuscular only by properly trained health personnel.
Women that are breastfeeding can use the injection. -
WHEN SHOULD THE INJECTION BE APPLIED?
The first injection is applied on the first 5 days after menstruation has started.
The second injection is placed 1 week before the 3 months. Women can be menstruating or not.
WHAT SIDE EFFECTS CAN THE INJECTION CAUSE?
Some women may have discomfort during the first 3 months. These annoyances can be:
- Light-headache, dizziness or nausea.
- Blood-stains on days that are not the menstrual days.
- Suspension of the menstruation, up to for several months, is normal, and not lead to the
appearances of tumors or headaches.
- Some women can take 6 to 12 months to return to ovulate when they stop using the quarterly
- Light-weight gain.
The injectable contraceptive can cause some inconveniences. If these cause a lot of discomfort and / or plentiful bleeding we must immediately take the woman to the nearest health centre.
THE FOLLOWING WOMEN SHOULD NOT TAKE CONTRACEPTIVES IN THE FORM OF INJECTIONS
- Women with suspected pregnancies or known pregnancies.
- Women who suffer from one or more of the following diseases:
• Heart Disease
• High Pressure
• Liver disease (hepatitis, gall stones in)
• Bleeding in days not to menstruate
• Tumors in the breasts or ovaries
• Obese Women
• Women who have never been pregnant
3. The Condom
The Condom is a sachet of plastic that does not allow the deposit in the vagina of the man's sperm or fluid containing sperm. Therefore, it can not fertilize the egg and prevents pregnancy.
HOW TO USE THE CONDOM?
- The man must verify that the envelope containing the condom is in good condition. If it IS NOT GOOD it should be disposed of immediately and another condom should be used.
Check the date of manufacture and expiration.
- The man must not place the penis near the vagina or enter it before putting on a condom.
- The condom is positioned when the penis is erect.
- It should be placed with care to cover the entire penis, leaving a couple of inches at the tip.
- Upon completion of sexual intercourse, withdraw the penis from the vagina, holding the condom, so it does not remain inside the vagina.
- After you use a condom, you should knot it and throw it away because it must be used only once.
The condom has no contraindications.